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Governance and ethics key papers

ICU Ethics

Winter Band Cohen S.
‘Withdrawal of Treatment’.
BMJ 319, no. 7205 (1999): 306–8.
Rydvall AN et al
‘Withholding and Withdrawing Life-Sustaining Treatment: A Comparative Study of the Ethical Reasoning of Physicians and the General Public’.
Crit Care 12, no. 1 (2008): 13–17
Luce JM, and  White DB.
‘A History of Ethics and Law in the Intensive Care Unit’.
Critical Care Clinics 25, no. 1 (January 2009): 221–237, x. doi:10.1016/j.ccc.2008.10.002.
Randall CJ and Vincent JL.
‘Ethics and End-of-Life Care for Adults in the Intensive Care Unit’.
Lancet 376, no. 9749 (16 October 2010): 1347–53. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(10)60143-2.
Heywood R
‘Moving on from Bland: the evolution of the law and minimally conscious patients. ‘
Medical Law Review, 11 March 2014. doi:10.1093/medlaw/fwu003.
Andereck WS et al
‘Seeking to Reduce Nonbeneficial Treatment in the ICU: An Exploratory Trial of Proactive Ethics Intervention*’.
Critical Care Medicine 42, no. 4 (April 2014): 824–30. doi:10.1097/CCM.0000000000000034.

ICU governance

McQuillan P et al.
‘Confidential Inquiry into Quality of Care before Admission to Intensive Care’.
BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.) 316, no. 7148 (20 June 1998): 1853–58.
Goldfrad, C, and K Rowan.
‘Consequences of Discharges from Intensive Care at Night’.
Lancet 355, no. 9210 (1 April 2000): 1138–42. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(00)02062-6
Scales DC et al.
‘A Multifaceted Intervention for Quality Improvement in a Network of Intensive Care Units: A Cluster Randomized Trial’.
JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association 305, no. 4 (26 January 2011): 363–72. doi:10.1001/jama.2010.2000.
Checkley W et al.
‘Structure, Process, and Annual ICU Mortality across 69 Centers: United States Critical Illness and Injury Trials Group Critical Illness Outcomes Study’.
Critical Care Medicine 42, no. 2 (February 2014): 344–56. doi:10.1097/CCM.0b013e3182a275d7


Human Factors

Rothschild JM et al.
The Critical Care Safety Study: The incidence and nature of adverse events and serious medical errors in intensive care.
Crit Care Med. 2005 Aug;33(8):1694-70

Kopp BJ et al.
Medication errors and adverse drug events in an intensive care unit: direct observation approach for detection.
Crit Care Med. 2006 Feb;34(2):415-25.

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